Ectropion and Entropion Repair
Stretching of the lower eyelid from age may cause the eyelid to droop downward and turn outward. This condition is called ectropion. Eyelid burns or skin disease may also cause this problem. Ectropion can cause dryness of the eyes, excessive tearing, redness and sensitivity to light and wind. Surgery usually restores the normal position of the eyelid, improving these symptoms.
Entropion also occurs most commonly as a result of aging. Infection and scarring inside the eyelid are other causes of entropion. When the eyelid turns inward, the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye, making it red, irritated, watery and sensitive to light and wind.
Eyelid Tumor Removal
Tumors are abnormal growths of tissue that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Tumors on the eyelid or orbit (eye socket) should be evaluated and treated as soon as possible. Cancers require immediate medical attention. Even a benign tumor can cause pain or damage to the eye, such as blocking the tear ducts or preventing the eyelids from closing. A biopsy will usually determine whether the eyelid or orbital tumor is benign or malignant.
Most cancers of the eyelid (about 85-95%) are basal cell carcinomas that form on the inside of the inner eyelid. They are malignant but rarely spread to other parts of the body. Treatment is usually surgical removal.
If there is a defect after the tumor has been removed, the surgeon will reconstruct the eyelid or orbit so that it both functions properly and looks normal. Reconstruction is tailored to each patient based on the size and location of the defect.
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